Unternehmensfinanzierung und Kontrolle durch Banken: by Markus Wiendieck

By Markus Wiendieck

Ausgangspunkt jeder finanzwirtschaftlichen examine von Kapitalstrukturen mit theoretischem Anspruch ist die those von der Irrelevanz des Verschuldungsgrades nach Modigliani und Miller aus dem Jahre 1958. Diese those wurde von der Praxis nie akzeptiert und bot auch aus theoretischer Sicht Ansatzpunkte zur Kritik. zugleich hat sie zahlreiche Versuche angeregt, in einer umfassenderen theoretischen examine die entscheidenden Determinanten der Kapitalstrukturwahl herauszuarbeiten. Als besonders fruchtbar erwiesen sich solche Ansatze, die Unterschiede in Informationsstand und Handlungsmoglichkeiten der am FinanzierungsprozeB beteiligten Personen herausstellen. Derartige Ansatze werden he ute iiblicherweise unter dem Stichwort Agency-Theorie behandelt. Insbesondere in den 80er Jahren wurde das Kapitalstrukturproblem auch aus empirischer Sicht disku tiert. Mit dem Schlagwort "Eigenkapitalliicke" wurde der Befund belegt, daB die Eigenkapitalquoten deutscher Unternehmungen im zeitablauf abnahmen und im internatio nalen vergleich niedrig waren. Im Zusammenhang damit wurde die Befiirchtung geauBert, daB aufgrund einer zu geringen Eigenkapitalausstattung die Investitions- und Innovationstatigkeit beeintrachtigt werde. Die vorliegende Arbeit kniipft an dies en beiden Ansatzpunkten, dem theoretischen und dem empirischen, an und stellt die Verbindung zwischen ihnen her. Ausgangshy pothese ist, daB die systematischen Unterschiede in den Kapitalstrukturen von Deutschland, Japan und den united states sich - VII- auf Unterschiede in den Finanzsystemen dieser Lander zu rlickflihren lassen. Eine geringe Eigenkapitalquote ist allgemein in solchen Landern zu erwarten, in denen die kreditbezogenen Kontrollmechanismen ausgepragter sind oder kostenglinstiger funktionieren als die beteiligungs bezogenen Mechanismen.

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[(Human Rights Constitutionalism in Japan and Asia: The by Lafayette College The Writings of Lawrence W. Beer

By Lafayette College The Writings of Lawrence W. Beer

Much less spotted within the West than wars, terrorism and financial traits has been the historical improvement when you consider that international struggle II of constitutional govt and legislations in Asia. Lawrence W. Beer has been a detailed observer of Asian linkages between legislations, politics, tradition, and nationwide safety matters for over fifty years. His views were subtle in the course of lengthy place of abode in Asia, in particular Japan, by means of mammoth pleasant interactions with Asian criminal students, judges and legal professionals curious about the area of human rights constitutional legislations. This quantity, that allows you to be broadly welcomed by way of scholars and researchers, brings jointly a range of Beer's many works formerly released in different venue, yet not simply available. the gathering opens with a evaluate of constitutionalism in Asia and the us and concludes with a up to date exam of Japan's rejection of battle: 'Japan's Constitutional Discourse and Performance'. in terms of Afterword, the writer bargains an in-depth overview of 'Globalization of Human Rights within the twenty first Century'.

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An Encyclopedia of Japanese History by Chris Spackman

By Chris Spackman

This can be a pre-1923 old replica that was once curated for caliber. caliber coverage was once performed on every one of those books in an try and get rid of books with imperfections brought by way of the digitization technique. although we now have made most sensible efforts - the books can have occasional error that don't bog down the analyzing event. We think this paintings is culturally very important and feature elected to deliver the ebook again into print as a part of our carrying on with dedication to the protection of revealed works around the globe. this article refers back to the Bibliobazaar variation.

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The History of Modern Japanese Education: Constructing the by Professor Benjamin Duke

By Professor Benjamin Duke

The background of recent eastern schooling is the 1st account in English of the development of a countrywide university process in Japan, as defined within the 1872 rfile, the Gakusei. Divided into 3 elements tracing many years of swap, the booklet starts by way of exploring the feudal heritage for the Gakusei through the Tokugawa period which produced the preliminary leaders of contemporary Japan. subsequent, Benjamin Duke lines the Ministry of Education's investigations of the 1870s to figure out the easiest western version for Japan, together with the choice to undertake American educating tools. He then is going directly to disguise the eventual "reverse direction" sparked by way of the Imperial loved ones protest that the western version overshadowed loved jap traditions. finally, the 1890 Imperial Rescript on schooling built-in Confucian teachings of loyalty and filial piety with Imperial ideology, laying the ethical foundation for a western-style educational curriculum within the nation's schools.

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A Different Kind of Luxury: Japanese Lessons in Simple by Andy Couturier

By Andy Couturier

Raised within the tumult of Japan’s commercial powerhouse, the 11 women and men profiled during this publication have all made the transition to sustainable, enjoyable lives. they're at the present time artists, philosophers, and farmers who dwell deep within the mountains of rural Japan. Their lives can be easy, but they're surrounded via the luxuries of nature, artwork, contemplation, scrumptious nutrition, and an abundance of time. For example:

Atsuko Watanabe is an environmentalist and home-schooler who explores Christian mysticism whereas elevating her daughters in an previous farmhouse Akira Ito is an ex–petroleum engineer who has develop into a painter and children’s e-book illustrator and explores the function of chi (life strength) within the universe via paintings and tune Kogan Murata grows rice and crafts based bamboo flutes that he performs for alms within the surrounding villages Jinko Kaneko is an outstanding artist and upholstery dyer who runs a Himalayan-style curry eating place within the Japan Alps via providing the trips of those ordinary—yet exceptional—people, Andy Couturier indicates how we can also go back and forth a significant direction of residing easily, with recognize for our groups and our normal assets. after we depart in the back of the large burdens of salary hard work, debt, pressure, and day-by-day busyness, we develop wealthy in an entire new means. those eastern are pioneers in a feeling; drawing on conventional japanese religious knowledge, they've got cast a brand new sort of modernity, and of their luck is a lesson for us all: dwell a lifestyles that concerns.

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The Ghosts of Iwo Jima, Edition: First Edition by Robert S. Burrell

By Robert S. Burrell

In February 1945, a few 80,000 U.S. Marines attacked the seriously defended citadel that the japanese had built at the tiny Pacific island of Iwo Jima. Leaders of the military Air Forces acknowledged they wanted the airfields there to supply fighter escort for his or her B-29 bombers. on the rate of 28,000 American casualties, the third, 4th, and fifth Marine Divisions dutifully conquered this desolate piece of hell with a choice and sacrifice that experience develop into mythical within the annals of battle, immortalized within the photo of six Marines elevating the yank flag on Mount Suribachi.

But the military Air Forces’ fighter operations on Iwo Jima hence proved either unproductive and pointless. After the very fact, a few different justifications have been generated to rationalize this tragically pricey conflict. eventually, deceptive data have been provided to contend that the variety of lives stored by means of B-29 emergency landings on Iwo Jima outweighed the price of its capture.

In The Ghosts of Iwo Jima, Captain Robert S. Burrell masterfully reconsiders the prices of taking Iwo Jima and its position within the conflict attempt. His thought-provoking research additionally highlights the better contribution of Iwo Jima’s valiant lifeless: They encouraged a reverence for the Marine Corps that proved severe to its institutional survival and its embodiment of yankee nationwide spirit. From the seventh struggle personal loan crusade of 1945 during the flag-raising at flooring 0 in 2001, the immortal picture of Iwo Jima has develop into an emblem of yank patriotism itself.

Burrell’s looking account of this fabled island clash will develop our figuring out of worldwide battle II and its carrying on with legacy for the twenty-first century. finally, the battle’s ghosts might unveil its final, and most vital, lessons.

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Imperial Japanese Naval Aviator 1937–45 (Warrior) by Osamu Tagaya

By Osamu Tagaya

The fateful assault on Pearl Harbor pressured the Western global to revise its opinion of Japan's airmen. sooner than global warfare II (1939-1945), eastern aviators were visible as figures of ridicule and disdain; but the ruthless ability and potency in their functionality in December 1941 and the months that gained them a brand new attractiveness as a breed of oriental superman. This publication explores the realm of the Imperial jap Naval airman, from the zenith of his wartime profession until eventually the turning of the tide, while the ability and adventure of the common jap airman declined. Cultural and social heritage, recruitment, education, way of life and strive against adventure are all lined.

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Top 10 Tokyo (Eyewitness Top 10 Travel Guides), Edition: by DK Publishing

By DK Publishing

No matter if you're touring top notch or on a restricted finances, this Eyewitness most sensible 10 consultant will lead you immediately to some of the best Tokyo has to provide. Dozens of most sensible 10 lists - from the head 10 areas to event eastern tradition to the head 10 areas of worship, parks, eating places, resorts and interesting track venues - give you the insider wisdom each customer wishes. And to avoid wasting you money and time, there is even a most sensible 10 record of items to prevent. each one most sensible 10 now encompasses a pull-out map and advisor that incorporates fold-out maps of urban metro platforms, beneficial mobilephone numbers, and 60 nice principles on how you can spend your day.

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Goodbye Tsugumi by Banana Yoshimoto

By Banana Yoshimoto

Banana Yoshimoto's novels of younger lifestyles in Japan have made her a world sensation. see you later Tsugumi, known as a “witty, perceptive novel" through Elle, is an offbeat tale of a deep and intricate friendship among lady cousins that ranks between her top paintings. Maria is the single daughter of an single lady. She has grown up on the seashore along her cousin Tsugumi, a lifelong invalid, charismatic, spoiled, and infrequently merciless. Now Maria's father is ultimately capable of convey Maria and her mom to Tokyo, ushering Maria right into a international of collage, coming near near maturity, and a “normal" relations. whilst Tsugumi invitations Maria to spend a final summer season by means of the ocean, a restful idyll turns into a time of dramatic development as Tsugumi reveals love and Maria learns the real which means of domestic and relatives. She additionally has to confront either Tsugumi's internal energy and the true danger of wasting her. so long Tsugumi is a beguiling, resonant novel from one of many world's best younger writers.

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Opium regimes : China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952 by Wakabayashi, Bob Tadashi; Brook, Timothy

By Wakabayashi, Bob Tadashi; Brook, Timothy

Opium Regimes attracts on quite a number study to teach that the opium exchange used to be no longer only a British operation, yet concerned chinese language retailers and nation brokers, and jap imperial brokers as well.

summary: Opium Regimes attracts on a number of learn to teach that the opium exchange used to be no longer in simple terms a British operation, yet concerned chinese language retailers and nation brokers, and eastern imperial brokers in addition

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