By Mohamed S. El-Aasser (auth.), Françoise Candau, Ronald H. Ottewill (eds.)
The progress of curiosity within the topic of Polymer Colloids over the past twenty 5 years or so has been very huge ensuing now in significant foreign meetings on an annual foundation and plenty of nationwide ones besides. The curiosity stems not just from the big variety of purposes of those fabrics but in addition from a interest as to the mechanism of formation and their turning out to be use as version debris to enquire primary elements of physics and chemistry. In July 1988 a NATO complex examine Institute used to be held in Strasbourg, France, on the Centre St. Thomas. As a tutorial creation to this I nstitute a chain of 8 lectures used to be given to hide the basic elements of the topic. those 8 lectures have now been compiled into an Introductory textual content overlaying, emulsion poly merization, dispersion polymerization, inverse emulsion polymerization, the morphology of copolymer latices, the colloidal houses of latices, characterization tools and rheology. it truly is was hoping that those will serve a large viewers, undergraduates, graduate-students and examine employees, either in and academe. The chapters all include overview fabric brand new on the time of booklet. fhe 1988 NATO complex examine I nstitute used to be made attainable by way of a furnish from the NATO-AS I programme and the subsequent businesses: BASF, Ludwigshafen, West Germany The Dow Chemical corporation, Michigan, united states Dow Chemical Rheinwerk GmbH, Rheinmunster, West Germany ICI PLC, Runcorn, England S. C. Johnson and Son Inc., Racine, united states NORSOLOR, Verneuil en Halatte, France Rhone Poulenc, Aubervilliers, France.
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While this concept of a stabilizer precursor is relatively new it holds the promise of providing a simpler and more flexible method of stabilizing growing particles in a dispersion polymerization. 2. 3 Monomers In principle a wide range of monomers. both water soluble and oil soluble. can be used. In practice. the limits of this polymeri zation process do not appear to have been widely explored. consequently the usefulness of this polymerization technique is not well established. The major requirement of the monomer is that it must be soluble in the dispersion medium but that its polymer must be insoluble.
While the monomer must be soluble, its polymer must be insoluble in the dispersion medium if particles are to be formed. While no definitive studies have been reported it seems clear that the viscosity of the fluid should be less than 2-3 mN s m- 1 to ensure that rapid diffusion of the reactive species can take place during the polymerization. While the early studies were confined to aliphatic hydrocarbon fluids more recent research has extended the range of liquids to include chlorinated hydrocarbons (9) and water based mixtures (5-8 J.