An Awkward: The bombing of Darwin, February 1942 by Peter Grose

By Peter Grose

A clumsy: The bombing of Darwin, February 1942 КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Allen & UnwinАвтор(ы): Peter GroseЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2009Количество страниц: 281ISBN: 9781741756432Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 2,3 mbDarwin was once a conflict Australia might quite put out of your mind. but the japanese assault on 19 February 1942 used to be the 1st wartime attack on Australian soil. the japanese struck with an identical carrier-borne strength that devastated Pearl Harbor in basic terms ten weeks past. there has been a distinction. extra bombs fell on Darwin, extra civilians have been killed, and extra ships have been sunk. The raid resulted in the worst demise toll from any occasion in Australia. The attackers bombed and strafed 3 hospitals, flattened retailers, places of work and the police barracks, shattered the publish place of work and communications centre, wrecked executive condominium, and left the harbour and airfields burning and ruined. the folks of Darwin deserted their city, leaving it to looters, a couple of anti-aircraft batteries and a handful of dogged defenders with single-shot .303 rifles. but the tale has remained within the shadows. Drawing on long-hidden records and first-person bills, Peter Grose tells what fairly occurred and takes us into the lives of the folks who have been there. there has been a lot to be happy with in Darwin that day: braveness, mateship, decision and improvisation. however the darkish part of the tale consists of looting, desertion and a calamitous failure of management. Australians ran away simply because they didn't recognize what else to do. soaking up, lively and fast moving, an ungainly fact is a compelling and revealing tale of the day conflict particularly got here to Australia, and the motley bunch of squaddies and civilians who have been left to guard the kingdom. RAPIDили IFOLDER zero

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He regularly attended meetings of the executive committee of the Northern Territory Pastoral Lessees Association. While happily mixing with the ‘elite’ of Darwin society, he made little secret of his contempt for the rest, whom he regarded as riff-raff. His divisive personality and lack of rapport with most of those he administered would shortly cost both the Administrator and the town of Darwin dearly. ◆ ◆ ◆ An Awkward Truth 9/1/09 12:59 PM Page 19 A V E RY S I N F U L P E O P L E ◆ 19 The European war got under way on 3 September 1939.

They slipped seamlessly into their traditional role alongside Britain, and that meant shipping large quantities of men and military equipment to the other side of the world. Although more than half of the RAAF’s planes remained on Australian soil, that still left Australia pitifully short of any serious air defence. Even in April 1941, with the war 19 months old, the RAAF’s best fighting strength at home consisted of 67 ineffectual Wirraway fighters and 60 Hudson bombers. This was the Empire Air Training Scheme (EATS), which relied on Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Rhodesia to maintain a steady flow of pilots to confront the Luftwaffe in Europe.

Japan had asked for 70 per cent. The Japanese based their demands on a fairly simple calculation. Military orthodoxy at the time said that a navy needed to be able to field 150 per cent of the enemy’s strength before it could be confident of mounting a successful attack. With Japan at 70 per cent of either country’s strength, Britain or America would need one-and-a-half times that to be confident of success, or 105 per cent of what they had. At T 27 An Awkward Truth 28 ◆ 9/1/09 12:59 PM Page 28 A N AW K WA R D T R U T H 70 per cent Japan would be safe from attack.

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