Alternative Energy Sources and Technologies: Process Design by Mariano Martín

By Mariano Martín

Proposing a entire research of using substitute resources of strength and applied sciences to provide fuels and tool, this publication describes the strength price chain from harvesting the uncooked fabric, (i.e sun, wind, biomass or shale fuel) by means of research of the processing steps into energy, fuels and/or chemical substances and eventually the distribution of the products.

Featuring an exam of the techno-economic tactics and integration possibilities that may upload worth to by-products or advertise using diversified resources of strength in the related facility, this ebook seems on the instruments that could make this integration attainable in addition to applying a true global case learn. The case examine of the operation of “El hierro” island is used to illustrate of the present attempt in the direction of extra effective use of the assets available. 
Tackling head at the open demanding situations of the provision, the variety of the resource and its prediction, the outline of novel strategies which are being built and evaluated for his or her transformation in addition to how we will be able to distribute them to the shopper and the way we will combine the recent chemical substances, fuels and gear in the present process and infrastructure, the publication takes a procedure dependent point of view with such an procedure in a position to aid us within the use and integration of those resources of strength and novel technologies.

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Van den Heever and Grossmann (2000) extended the work of Iyer et al. (1998) and proposed a multiperiod generalized disjunctive programming model for oil field infrastructure planning for which they developed a bilevel decomposition method. As opposed to Iyer and Grossmann (1998), they explicitly incorporated a nonlinear reservoir model into the formulation but did not consider the drill-rig limitations. Grothey and McKinnon (2000) addressed an operational planning problem using an MINLP formulation where gas has to be injected into a network of low pressure oil wells to induce flow from these wells.

The problem considers fixed topology and is concerned with the decisions involving the oil production profiles and operation/shut-in times of the wells in each time period assuming nonlinear reservoir behavior. Lin and Floudas (2003) considered the long-term investment and operations planning of the integrated gas field site. A continuous-time modeling and optimization approach was proposed introducing the concept of event points and allowing the well platforms to come online at potentially any time within planning horizon.

With this motivation, the objective of this chapter is to present a comprehensive review of a unified modeling framework and solution strategies to address the issues of complex fiscal rules and endogenous uncertainties in the development planning of offshore oil and gas field infrastructure. In particular, the chapter emphasizes the need to have as a basis an efficient deterministic model that can account for various alternatives in the decision-making process for a multi-field site incorporating sufficient level of details, while being computationally tractable for large instances.

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