Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in by Bartholomew Elias

By Bartholomew Elias

The reaction of the U.S. federal executive to the occasions of September eleven, 2001 has mirrored the problem of outstanding a stability among imposing security features to discourage terrorist assaults whereas while proscribing disruption to air trade. Airport and Aviation safeguard: U.S. coverage and process within the Age of worldwide Terrorism is a complete reference that examines the chronic threats to aviation protection that led as much as the terrorist assaults of September eleventh, describes next terror plots opposed to aviation resources, and explores U.S. efforts to counter and mitigate those threats. Addressing the place of birth safeguard demanding situations dealing with the U.S. within the age of terrorism, this article explores: safety protocol sooner than Sept. 11 Precursors to Sept. 11 The emerging risk of Al Qaeda Tactical and congressional reaction to September 11, together with new laws the wider context of possibility overview Intelligence collecting Airport protection, together with passenger, luggage, and worker screening Airline in-flight security features Airport perimeter safety the specter of shoulder-fired missiles safety for GA (general aviation) operations and airports starting with a historic backdrop describing the sunrise of the age of world terrorism within the Sixties and carrying on with up till the current time, the booklet demonstrates the wide social and political context underlying fresh alterations within the aviation safety procedure as an immediate results of the 11th of September assaults. insurance examines ongoing threats and vulnerabilities to the aviation infrastructure, together with an exploration of ways earlier terrorist incidents have come to form U.S. coverage and procedure.

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Extra resources for Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism

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By the late 1970s, it appeared that efforts to combat air piracy, primarily through metal detector and x-ray screening of passengers and carry-on luggage, were working quite effectively. 1). 2). S. flag air carriers. THE LOOMING MENACE OF AIRCRAFT BOMBINGS While domestic hijackings were troubling enough by themselves, the threat posed by potential bombings of aircraft was a particular concern because in-flight bombings had proven to be especially deadly.

To serve in the newly created position of Director of Civil Aviation Security within the Department of Transportation (DOT) and pressing Congress to increase airline ticket taxes on domestic flights and increase head taxes of foreign flights to pay, in part, for aviation security enhancements, including the deployment of armed sky marshals and electronic screening technologies for inspecting certain passengers, particularly those traveling on international flights. The biggest cost driver was a plan to deploy 2500 sky marshals on international flights at an initial cost of $28 million for the hiring, training, and initial deployment and $50 million per year thereafter to maintain the force.

In retrospect, looking at this approach in the context of post-9/11 security debate over passenger prescreening, the behavioral profiling methods of the early 1970s seem extremely forward-looking in their approach. Indeed, Israel has relied on extensive behavioral profiling and extensive interviewing to target passengers for years, and these methods have recently been adopted by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) to identify elevated risk passengers at security checkpoints and in passenger lounges and other locations throughout airport passenger terminals.

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