By Leslie A. Schuster
During this learn of the lifestyles and paintings of Saint-Nazaire's shipbuilding staff within the 30 years ahead of global warfare I, Schuster indicates that the results of business construction for staff differed sharply in line with their assets and reports. She info the competing identities and divergent values maintained through shipbuilding staff, demonstrating that they have been fostered through the interplay among country courses, business creation, and the traditions pursued within the neighborhood realm. 3rd Republic monetary guidelines for shipbuilding promoted unemployment and employee dependence on nation officers over union leaders, and the asymmetric software of capitalist tools of creation intended a number of office studies that extra undercut organization.
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Additional resources for A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910
There are few figures on production at these yards, but in 1873 the yards at Mean built 30 ships of 250 tons. Yves Jean Beloiel-Benoist, "La Grande Briere de 1836 a 1936. Etude de L'Evolution Professionelle, Sociale et Economique" (These de doctorat, Universite de Nantes, 1985), 193. 64. CGM AH, CGM GG5 209 "Note," 15 December 1881. 65. ADLA 1M2309 "Sous-Prefet," August 1861; Fernand Gueriff, "Histoire du quartier de Mean-Penhouet et des anciens chantiers de la construction navale en bois," Bulletin de la Societe Archeologique et Historique de Nantes (1961): 92-94.
Since Saint-Nazaire's port was a subsidiary of Nantes', however, without a voice in the expenditure of funds, city officials found that they had no option but a dramatic resignation. The theatrics had the 28 A Workforce Divided intended effect—in Paris, the Chamber altered its stance and allowed tax funds from each port to be spent on improvements at that facility. 104 They understood "the great repercussions for workers' families, . . "105 Consequently, Saint-Nazaire's political and business leaders did not remain idle while government agencies and shipping companies shaped their economic future.
For union leader Alphonse Merrheim, president of the Federation Nationale de la Metallurgie, the acquisition was "typical [of the type] of industrial and employer concentration" common to a heavily capitalized industry like shipbuilding. Concentration continued in 1912, when Penhouet and the UMBL established a local foundry to supply the yards with steel and cast-iron components for warships and ocean liners. The UMBL also moved into other local industries central to ship construction. It invested in an electrical power plant at SaintNazaire, an industry of growing importance to shipbuilding, and soon had the state concession to several mines in Meurthe-et-Moselle.