By W H G Armytage
A Social historical past of Engineering indicates how social and financial stipulations in every one age have brought on advances in engineering. There are, briefly, monetary, political, and philosophical implications in altering applied sciences. whereas the e-book starts with the Stone Age, the Greeks, and the Romans, the majority of the quantity concentrates at the 19th and 20th centuries. A Social heritage of Engineering displays Professor Armytage's exact topic quarter pursuits, specifically nineteenth-century commercial society, radical and socialist pursuits, the background association, and the examine of upper and technical schooling.
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Indeed one of the earliest illustrations (as opposed to mention) of a cannon is that of a cannon in a manu script by Walter de Millemete dedicated to Edward III in 1327, the year of his accession. Edward III used them in the siege of Calais in 1345. Froissart, the chronicler of the time, says that 400 of them were used to capture St. Malo in 1378. One of the seventy-three guns which William Woodward made in five years at the Tower of London weighed 7 cwt. It had a large central barrel for the discharge of stones and ten surrounding barrels for discharging lead bullets of moderate size.
He found him self so busy that he built a drawing office in a luxurious barge on the Brenta (shaded by a yellow and black awning) to enable him to move from place to place supe rvising their construction. One of his show pieces was La Rotonda, a palladian villa outside Vicenza, where the dregs of wine vats were used to stain the roof tiles a rich purple red. This became, in the centuries after his death, a mecca for English and American visitors. Inigo Jones, Sir Christopher Wren and Lord Bur lington were three Englishmen who, in turn, converted eighteenth century country houses and churches into palladian semi-palaces.
370 and they seem to have become standard from the fourth century onwards. They were to be found in fifth-century Athens as well as Byzantium, where overshot variants began to develop. Called hydraulae by Vitruvius, these mills were later called aquariae molae by Palladius in the fourth century and recommended as a replacement for animal and slave labour. When they became common the name denoting the motive power dropped and the word used was mola, molina or molendinum, from which comes our modern word mill.