By Ray Abrahams
In response to box learn in jap Finland now not faraway from the Russian border, this e-book is an account of the most positive factors of rural society within the sector. It will pay specific consciousness to the adaptability of farming households in a swiftly altering global. matters handled contain marriage and the relatives, paintings and mechanization, succession to farms, and the paradoxical blend of fierce individualism and cooperation. significant topics of the publication are the relation among legislation and customized, which isn't consistently what it sort of feels at the floor, and the complicated interlocking of farm, kinfolk, and the broader society.
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Extra info for A Place of their Own: Family Farming in Eastern Finland (Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology)
The eighteenth century was, however, once again a period of substantial population growth, caused by natural increase and also by new settlement, which was further encouraged during the period. Saloheimo has documented the situation for the Nurmes area in the northern part of Pielisjarvi parish. There, the population was about 550 in 1722 and, despite the transfer of some villages to a neighbouring area, it had risen to a little above 6,000 by 1810. This suggests a population of about 20,000 for the parish as a whole at this time.
The status of family farming as a valid focus of research in different settings is discussed, and it is noted that there are problems of comparison between farmers and their ancestors within a single village, in addition to those which arise from studies carried out in different areas of the world. None the less, it is argued that significant common features do remain despite the undoubted major influence of different temporal and spatial settings. The chapter also examines some of the chief factors which lie behind the persistence of family farming in modern Finnish conditions, which are by no means always favourable to such activity.
A comparable pattern was maintained during the following decades. In 1900-1, there were eighty land-holding and twenty-four crofter households in a total village population of 1,189. This suggests some out-migration in the intervening years, and there was in fact new settlement nearby in Uusikyla. There were 136 dependent lodgers and a list of ninety-four poor and incapable people which included twenty-nine children. The list of unattached people was down to twenty-three, but the previously small category of landless cotters (mdkitupalaiset) had risen strongly from eighteen men, women and children in 1884 to 252.